Cervical Cancer Treatment
Cervical cancer is a major cause of cancer mortality in women and more than a quarter of its global burden is contributed by developing countries. In India, in spite of alarmingly high figures, there is no nationwide government-sponsored screening program.In India, cervical cancer contributes to approximately 6–29% of all cancers in women:highest is 23.07/100,000 in Mizoram state and the lowest is 4.91/100,000 in Dibrugarh district. cervical cancer is a public health problem in developing countries like India, so much so that India alone accounts for one-quarter of the worldwide burden of cervical cancers.It is the one of the leading cause of cancer mortality, accounting for 17% of all cancer deaths among women aged between 30 and 69 years. It is estimated that cervical cancer will occur in approximately 1 in 53 Indian women during their lifetime compared with 1 in 100 women in more developed regions of the world.
What is cervical cancer?
Cervical cancer occurs when abnormal cells on the cervix grow out of control. The cervix is the lower part of the uterus that opens into the vagina. Cervical cancer can often be successfully treated when it’s found early. It is usually found at a very early stage through a Pap test which is a screening test which cost literally nothng but is immense in terms of value.
What causes cervical cancer?
Most cervical cancer is caused by a virus called human papillomavirus, or HPV. You can get HPV by having sexual contact with someone who has it. There are many types of the HPV virus, like 16,18,31, etc.Not all types of HPV cause cervical cancer. Some of them cause genital warts, but other types may not cause any symptoms.
What are the symptoms?
Abnormal cervical cell changes rarely cause symptoms. But you may have symptoms if those cell changes grow into cervical cancer. Symptoms of cervical cancer may include:
- • Bleeding from the vagina that is not normal, such as bleeding between menstrual periods, after sex ( postcoital bleeding) or after menopause ( postmenopausal bleeding)
- • Vaginal dischargethat isn’t normal, foul smelling , blood tinged etc
How is cervical cancer diagnosed?
As part of a pelvic exam, you should have a Pap test. During a Pap test, the doctor in the OPD scrapes a small sample of cells from the surface of the cervix to look for cell changes. If a Pap test shows abnormal cell changes, your doctor may do other tests like cervical biopsy, colposcopicallly guided biopsy etc.